Tin (Sn)

General Properties

Symbol Sn
Atomic Number 50
Atomic Weight 118.71
Group
14 (carbon family)
IVB (IUPAC), IVA (CAS)
Solid, Paramagnetic, Conductor, Metal, Stable, Natural, Poor Metal
Period 5
Block p

Physical Properties

Density 7.31 g/cm3
Atomic Volume 16.3 cm3/mole
Atomic Radius 1.62 angstroms
Covalent Radius 141 pm
Crust Abundance 0.00022%
Crystal Structure Tetragonal
Color Silver

Energy

Electronegativity 2.0 (Pauling Scale)
Electron Affinity 107.3 kJ/mol
1st Ionization Energy 709 kJ/mol
2e Ionization Energy 1411.8 kJ/mol
3e Ionization Energy 2943.0 kJ/mol
4e Ionization Energy 3930.3 kJ/mol
5e Ionization Energy 7456 kJ/mol
Specific Heat Capacity 0.228 J g−1 K−1
Thermal Conductivity 66.6 W·m−1·K−1

Electrons & Oxidation

Oxidation States +4,2
Electrons Per Shell 2 8 18 18 4
Electron Configuration [Kr] 4d10 5s2 5p2
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d10 4s2 4p6 4d10 5s2 5p2
Orbital Diagram
1s
↿⇂
2s
↿⇂
2p
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿⇂
3s
↿⇂
3p
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿⇂
3d
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿⇂
4s
↿⇂
4p
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿⇂
4d
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿⇂
4f
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
5s
↿⇂
5p
↿ 
↿ 
 
5d
 
 
 
 
 
5f
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Nuclear

Radioactive No

Media

Planetary Bohr Model of Tin (Sn)
Lewis Dot Diagram of Tin (Sn)
Description
Silvery-white, soft, malleable and ductile metal.
Uses
Used as a coating for steel cans since it is nontoxic and noncorrosive. Also in solder (33%Sn:67%Pb), bronze (20%Sn:80%Cu), and pewter. Stannous fluoride (SnF2), a compound of tin and fluorine is used in some toothpaste.
Sources
Principally found in the ore cassiterite(SnO2) and stannine (Cu2FeSnS4).
Pronounciation (English)
TIN

Translations

Afrikaans Tin
Aragonese Estaño
العربية قصدير
Armãneashte Cãlae
asturianu Estañu
azərbaycan dili Qalay
български Калай
বাংলা টিন
brezhoneg Staen
bosanski Kalaj
Byelorussian Волава
Cebuano Estanyo
čeština Cín
Chuvash Тăхлан
Cymraeg Estany
dansk Tin
Deutsch Zinn
Ελληνικά Κασσιτερος
English Tin
esperanto Stano
español Estaño
eesti Tina
euskara Eztainua
فارسی قلع
suomi Tina
føroyskt Tin
français Étain
furlan Stagn
West-Frysk Tin
Gaeilge Stán
Gàidhlig Staoin
galego Estaño
ગુજરાતી ટિનનો
Gaelg Stainney
Hakka Chinese Siak
עברית בדיל
हिन्दी त्रपु
hrvatski Kositar
magyar ón
հայերեն Անագ
Indonesia Timah
íslenska Tin
italiano Stagno
日本語 スズ
ქართული კალა
کٲشُر Cëna
қазақ тілі Къалайы
한국어 주석
Kurdish Pîl
Komi Озысь
kernewek Sten
кыргызча --
Latin Stannum
Lëtzebuergesch Zënn
Lombard Staagn
lingála Etani
lietuvių Alavas
latviešu Alva
Mari Вулно
Maori Tīni
македонски Калај
മലയാളം വെളുത്തീയം
монгол Цагаан тугалга
Мокшан Валдакиви, Равжа киви
Bahasa Melayu Timah
Malti Landa, ²Stann
Nahuatl Amochitl
Nederlands Tin
norsk Tinn
Occitan Estam, ²Estanh
ирон Къала
polski Cyna
português Estanho
Runasimi Chayanta
română Staniu, ²Cositor
русский Олово
slovenčina Cín
slovenščina Kositer
Samoan Ten
Samogitian Alavs
shqip Kalaj, ²Zinni
српски Калај
Southern Sotho Thene
svenska Tenn
Kiswahili Stani, ²Bati
தமிழ் தகரம்
Tajik Қалъагӣ
ไทย ดีบุก
Türkçe Kalay
ئۇيغۇرچە قەلەي
українська Олово
o‘zbek Qalay
Tiếng Việt Thiếc
Võro Tina
中文

History

Discovered In
Discovered By
Discovered At
Word Origin
From the Anglo-Saxon word "tin" (the origin of the symbol Sn comes from the Latin word "stannum" meaning "tin")